Brasov (in Latin: Corona on the old maps was also called Cron∫tadt or Braßov, and between 1950 and 1960 it was called The Stalin city ) is the capital and most populous city of the Brasov district. He was awarded the title of city-martyr, for the participation of its citizens in the Romanian Revolution of 1989. According to the 2002 census, it has 283,901 inhabitants. The winter station Poiana Braşov is 12 km from the center of the municipality, with an infrastructure developed for the practice of winter sports. The patron saint of the city is the Virgin Mary. His statue is on top of one of the buttresses of the Black Church, which is oriented towards Casa Sfatului (the Council House, former town hall, now a history museum in the central square of the city), with the Brașov shield carved below, in relief. The Brașov municipality was through the centuries one of the most important, powerful and flourishing cities in its region. Thanks to its geographical position and its infrastructure, it allows the development of many economic and cultural activities. The current Romanian and Hungarian appellants derive from the Slavic word, barasu , which means strength. The German name, Kronstadt means „Crown City” and is reflected in the shield of the city, as well as in the medieval Latin denomination of „Corona”. Between 1950 and 1960, the city was called Orașul Stalin (in Romanian, the city of Stalin ), in honor of Iósif Stalin .
The geographical location of the city makes it ideal as a point of stay for any type of holiday in Romania. Brsaov is located at a reasonably close distance from the main Romanian attractions: the Black Sea spas, the beautiful and interesting monasteries of Moldova (Bucovina) in the north, the incredibly preserved northwestern Maramures region with its centuries-old wooden churches. The city is also considered the capital of the mountains of Romania and, in addition to all this, it is also considered the friendliest city in the country. The best periods to visit the city extend from May to September to enjoy the mild summer, and from December to February to participate in winter activities.
MAIN TOURIST ATTRACTIONS IN BRAZOV ARE:
- · The city of Brasov and its historic center.
- · The mountain stations, Poiana Brasov and Predeal.
- · The medieval fortresses of Prejmer, Râsnov.
- · Bran Castle.
- · The bastions, gates and walls of the city of Brasov.
- · The Black Church.
- · Orthodox churches (Biserica Adormirea Maicii Domnului – Brasovul Vechi, Biserica Sfantul Nicolae din Scheii Brasovului, Biserica Sfanta Treime din Scheii Brasovului).